What is Normal Fertility and When Does It Become Infertility?

Most people will have the strong desire to conceive a child at some point during their lifetime. Understanding what defines normal fertility is crucial to helping a person, or couple, know when it is time to seek help. Most couples (approximately 85%) will achieve pregnancy within one year of trying, with the greatest likelihood of conception occurring during the earlier months. Only an additional 7% of couples will conceive in the second year. As a result, infertility has come to be defined as the inability to conceive within 12 months. This diagnosis is therefore shared by 15% of couples attempting to conceive. We generally recommend seeking the help of a reproductive endocrinologist if conception has not occurred within 12 months. However, there are various scenarios where one may be advised to seek help earlier…

Treatment and diagnosis

A medical evaluation can determine the reasons for a couple’s infertility. This process usually involves assessing both partner’s medical history, physical examinations and tests.

Counseling & Support

Grief and loss Decisions about disclosure Financial stress related to undergoing infertility treatments ...

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

ICSI is part of the whole IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) process. During a normal menstrual cycle...

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

First, hormone therapy is used to improve the ovulatory response. Second...

Assisted Hatching

Assisted hatching (AH) involves microdissection of the zona pellucida (shell)...

Sperm Retrieval (PESA/TESE)

Percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) are available for men with obstructed or absent ejaculatory ducts

Female Fertility

Women are born with their lifetime supply of eggs, and these gradually decrease in both quality and quantity with age.

Donor Insemination

Family medicine is one of the most demanded fields in the provision of medical care in Europe.

Blactocyst Transfer

Recent advances in IVF laboratory methods have allowed for the successful culture of embryos to the blastocyst stage.

Egg and sperm

Research in the area of egg storage or egg freezing has been active in the past 20 years

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

During IVF you are given medications, which manipulate your ovaries and the eggs being produced. 


Cryopreservation is a procedure for freezing and storing embryos at a low temperature. 

Sperm Bank

By having your sperm stored, you can be prepared against declining sperm availability, ...